Onias III

(fl. 2nd cent BCE)
   High priest, grandson of Onias II. Simeon, an official in the Temple, demanded from Onias the post of market commis-sioner, which was in his gift. When his petition was refused, Simeon revealed to Appollonius, the commander of the Syrian army, that the treasures of King Seleucus of Syria were being held in the Temple vaults. Seleucus then sent his chancellor Heliodorus to remove them. When his mission failed, Onias fell out of favour with his Syrian overlords. After Antiochus IV Epiphanes ascended the throne, Onias was summoned to Antioch and his brother Jason became high priest in his place. Later Jason was replaced by Menelaus, who was an extreme Hellenizer.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • Onias III — (Hebrew: חוֹנִיּוֹ‎ Ḥōniyyō) was a Jewish High Priest, the son of Simon II. He is described as a pious man who, unlike the Hellenizers, fought for Judaism.[1] Seleucus Philopator defrayed all the expenses connected with the sanctuary and was… …   Wikipedia

  • Onías III — Onías III, Sumo Sacerdote de Jerusalén 177 174 a. C. Hijo y sucesor de Simón II, ensalzado por el libro de Daniel como “Príncipe Mesías” (Dn 9, 25) y “Príncipe de una Alianza” (Dn 11, 22), se apareció a Judas Macabeo antes de la Batalla …   Wikipedia Español

  • ONIAS III — ONIAS III. sub quo Heliodori historia contigit. In Aegyptum fugere coactus, templum ibi Hierosolymitano simile condidisse dicitur, quod ad Vespasiani usque tempora duravit. Ab Antiocho Epiphane Sacerdotiô motus, Iasonem fratrem successorem… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Onias III — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Onias. Le Grand Prêtre Onias III (hébreu חוניו), fils de Simon II, déposé en 175, fut le dernier des grands prêtres sadocites légitimes. Son frère Jason, qui fut imposé par Antiochus IV, est considéré comme un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ONIAS — ONIAS, the name of four high priests of the Second Temple period (corresponding to the Hebrew חוֹנְיוֹ). ONIAS I lived at the end of the fourth century B.C.E. I Maccabees 12:20–23 relates that Areios, king of Sparta, sent a letter to the high… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Onias — • Name of several Jewish high priests who lived two and three centuries before Christ Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Onias     Onias      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Onias — (Hebrew: חוֹנִיּוֹ‎ Honio, also Honiyya or Honiyahu) was the name of several Jewish high priests at the time of the Second Temple, described by such sources as Josephus: Onias I, son of Jaddua and high priest in the late 4th and early 3rd century …   Wikipedia

  • Onias IV — (Hebrew: חוֹנִיּוֹ‎ Ḥōniyyō) is the designation given to the son of Onias III and the lawful heir of the legitimate high priests. He had reason to hope that the victory of the national party under Judas Maccabeus would place him in the office of… …   Wikipedia

  • ONIAS, TEMPLE OF — ONIAS, TEMPLE OF, temple of the Hellenistic and Roman period established in Egypt for Jewish worship and sacrifice. Its location is given by Josephus as being in the district of Heliopolis, where it was built over an earlier ruined temple to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Onías IV — Onías IV, Sumo Sacerdote nominal de Jerusalén (160 a. C.). Hijo y sucesor del depuesto Onías III, se vio suplantado por Alcimo, jefe del partido helenista. Onías tuvo que huir a Egipto, donde fue protegido por el rey Ptolomeo VI, que le …   Wikipedia Español

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